The Becoming of the Policy Maker.

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    • Abstract:
      This essay explores the development of the term "policymaker" by reviewing major periodicals from 1870 until 1940, with particular focus upon the period of 1920 to 1940. Events of this period provide insight into the conditions under which "the policymaker" emerges as a concept. Although "policymaker" is today a commonplace, this was not always so, as a simple overview of the term's usage indicates. In fact, the term itself was virtually unused until about 1940 in both periodicals and academic journals. This essay contends that the idea and identity of the policymaker take shape alongside the development of the administrative state, a contention explored through a consideration of how the policymaker develops in the context of debates about education policy and about executive requirements in the period of 1920 through 1940. The essay concludes with a consideration of the policymaker as a modern political identity. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]