The Development of Artificial Intelligence in Education: A Review in Context

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  • Author(s): Pham, Son T. H. (ORCID Pham, Son T. H. (ORCID 0000-0003-0417-7316); Sampson, Pauline M.
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  • Source:
    Journal of Computer Assisted Learning. Oct 2022 38(5):1408-1421.
  • Publication Date:
  • Document Type:
    Journal Articles
    Reports - Evaluative
  • Subject Terms:
    Artificial Intelligence
    Preservice Teacher Education
    Educational Change
    Technology Integration
    Research and Development
    Technology Uses in Education
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    • Education Level:
      Higher Education
      Postsecondary Education
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    • Abstract:
      Background: In fact, most schools around the world are not well equipped to have discussions and keep current on the expansion of artificial intelligence (AI) in many aspects of society and economy. They either ignore this conversation, or simply criticize technology, but these resistances are not stopping wide spread of various types of AI projects in schools, mainly driven by corporations, and fueled by incentives that might not match well with long term educational objectives of student success, diversity, equity, and inclusivity. Objectives: The overall purpose is to address the rising gap between the ultrafast development of AI and the meticulous technological application of education, and to suggest the important bridge of building technological leadership in teacher preparation to get ready for the grow of AI in education. Methods: The contextual review examines the field of AI development in education through three lenses--conceptual context, practice context, and research context. Results and Conclusions: The paper provides educators and policy makers an overall background of the phenomenon of AI in education. The study has revealed there is an urgent need for research and development in teacher preparation as well as in the philosophy of technology in education to bridge the gap between AI and education.
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